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Nutrition

The main aim of the nutrition department is to treat underweight and overweight in children and adults, and the pathologies correlated to it, like hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia. The nutrition department can treat these problems with the help of customized diets that consider the patient needs and pathologies. The purpose of this service it to teach to our patients to choose a correct nutrition during the entire life (pregnancy, childhood, during the sport activity).

The doctor’s role is to teach to the patient what are the best diet, behavioral, phytotherapic and pharmacological strategies to lose weight.

Who should schedule this appointment?

  • Patients that need advices and treatments to control weight (both in excess cases and in lack cases). The patient asking for a nutrition consultation is motivated to undergo to a balanced diet to contrast pathologies like obesity, diabetes and dyslipidemia. Motivation and a strong link between the doctor and the patient, based on the mutual respect, are essential to reach and preserve the goals. A moderately hypocaloric diet and a constant and moderate physical activity are essential to lose weight and to keep maintain it in time. The weight loss has to be slow and under medical control, in order to obtain a reduction of the fat and a minimum loss of the lean body mass
  • Pregnant women. The doctor, cooperating with the gynecologist, prepare customized programs in order to control the weight increasement during the 9 months, reducing complications risks for the mother and the fetus
  • Sports amateur and pro
  • Patients affected by minor pathologies like gastro-esophageal reflux, irritable bowel syndrome, functional, functional intestine upsets or food intolerances
  • Patients affected by serious pathologies, as liver diseases, kidney disease or short bowel syndrome. Or dietologists collaborate with the MediClinic nephrologist in order to multidisciplinary treat the nephropathic patient. Scientific studies show that a low-protein diet can improve the nephropathic patient life quality and postpone the beginning of dialysis, as the kidney function improve. Moreover, our dietologists can treat patient that are already undergoing dialysis

Diagnosis

The prescription of a therapy for the treatment of obesity is preceded by the analysis of the patient body composition (portion of fat mass, non-fat mass and body water), with the help of the caliper and the impedance analysis.

The skinfold test is non-invasive and easy to perform. It consists in the measurement of the body circumferences and of the subcutaneous fat layer. With the help of some elaborated software, the doctor can calculate the percentage of fat and non-fat mass. The impedance analysis is quick and non-invasive: thank to the passage through the body of low voltage electrical current, that the patient does not perceive, the doctor can calculate the percentage of body water fat-mass and non-fat mass.

The cooperation with doctors and the multidisciplinary approach are key factors of MediClinic: the dietologist collaborate with the psychologist, the cardiologist, the orthopedics, the gynecologist, the nephrologist and the physical therapist in order to find out the best end most effective treatments.

The first consultation

During the first consultation, the doctor evaluates the patient medical history and his/her food habits. During the consult, it is essential for the doctor to identify eating disorders like anorexia, bulimia, compulsive eating disorders, that will require the support of a psychologist. In MediClinic our patients receive the support of a psychologist. If necessary, the dietologist can prescribe some bloodwork, in order to exclude some factors that can be responsible for weight increase or decrease. At the end of the consult, if the patient is not affected by serious pathologies and if the patient has not particular requests, the doctor can prescribe a diet and plan some physical activity.

Department aims

Therapy

For example, as per the weight loss, the aim is to lose the 20% of the body weight in one year. Anyway, a reduction of 10% of the fat-mass is considered enough to prevent pathologies related to obesity. These targets are established by Linee Guida Italiane sull’Obesità LI-GIO ’99 and they help to prevent:

  • mellitus diabets
  • arterial hypertension
  • metabolic syndrome
  • hypercholesterolemia
  • hypertriglyceridemia
  • sleep apneas
  • gallstones
  • hepatic steatosis
  • cancers
  • osteoarticular apparatus pathologies
Prevention

It is important to reduce obesity outbreak, above all in young people, with the help of nutritional information ventures and promoting a healthy lifestyle, that includes the sport activity

The maintenance of weight is another essential aspect of the therapy. The aim established by the guidelines, is to maintain the weight loss for 5 years after the diet. Unfortunately, around the 80% of patients can maintain their weight after 5 years. The recovery of the weight usually happens because the patient leaves the suggestions and the lifestyle provided by the doctor.

Childhood obesity

The dietologists can also handle with the childhood obesity, collaborating strictly with the family and with the help of a food diary filled in by the patient or by the family. The food diary is useful for the doctor and for the patient, in order to better understand the wrong food habits that need to be corrected. This method allows to lose weight lightly or to stop an additional weight gain. In growing children and young men/women the aim isn’t necessarily to lose weight, but also to maintain it: in this way, thanks to the growth the patient can reduce the body mass.

The therapy

Diets, supplementary strategies and physical activity

According to the type of patient, the doctor can associate to the diet some behavioral, phytotherapic and pharmacological strategies. It is important to combine the diet with some physical therapy (prescribed by the doctor according to the patient health conditions). The patient can perform physical activity in MediClinic: we are equipped with a modern gym and pool to perform pool therapy. Our skilled physical therapists can elaborate customized programs, in order to meet the patient needs. For example, the program for a cardiopathic patient is thought to be different for intensity and for type of work from the program for a diabetic patient. All the programs are prepared following the international guidelines. In the past the physical therapist suggested a specific type of physical therapy; nowadays the researches show that each patient needs a different program, depending on the type of pathology.

The physical therapy prescription in a cardiopathic or in a diabetic patient is preceded by a stress test, performed by the patient according to the international guidelines.

Obese patients that are not affected by severe pathologies should perform 250 minutes per week of physical therapy in order to lose weight. To maintain the weight loss, patients should perform 180 minutes per week of physical activity. Patient should conduct physical activity from 3 to 5 sessions per week, and each session should last at least 60 minutes. It is recommended to conduct aerobic activity, that allows to the patient to reach the 70-75% of the maximum cardiac frequency for his/her age; the sport activity should involve the major muscle groups of the lower limbs. If necessary, the patient can associate to the aerobic activity the anaerobic activity, in order to strengthen the muscles. After the first consult, the monthly follow up can highlight the weight loss and, if necessary, re-evaluate the diet, according to seasonality, patient needs, paraphysiological conditions as pregnancy.

The connection with the doctor

A fundamental part of the therapy is the establishment of a connection between the doctor and the patient, based on the mutual confidence. The patient accepts implicitly to come to terms with the doctor, but above all with himself/herself, about his/her food behavior.

Why choose MediClinic?

Our dietologists offer a professional service. The waiting time to schedule an appointment ae shorts: within 15 days the patient can perform a consultation. The doctors are available to meet each patient’s need.

At MediClinic, the diagnosis is performed with actual and efficient techniques: as per the nutrition, the doctor can investigate on the patient health condition with the help of the computerized analysis of the body mass and thanks to the prescription of bloodwork and instrumental exam, that the patient can perform in MediClinic.

The great advantage of a nutritional patient in MediClinic is that he/she can associate the hypocaloric diet to the physical therapy in the same facility.

Medilinic’s gym is equipped with Tecnogym apparatus of the new Kinesis series, that are appropriate for every need. The gym is situated in the rehabilitation area in MediClinic: it involves boxes for the instrumental therapies and manual therapies and a pool for pool therapy: The nutritionist can prescribe to the patient a physical activity program, collaborating with the physical therapists. The patient can perform the physical activity in MediClinic, with the monitoring of the doctor and of the physical therapist.


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